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Alarming Study Finds 26% Teen Girls have Sexually Transmitted Disease E-mail

Study finds 1 in 4 US teens has a STD

By LINDSEY TANNER, AP Medical Writer <em>Tue Mar 11, 7:27 PM ET

CHICAGO - At least one in four teenage American girls has a sexually transmitted disease, suggests a first-of-its-kind federal study that startled some adolescent-health experts.

Some doctors said the numbers might be a reflection of both abstinence-only sex education and teens' own sense of invulnerabilty. Because some sexually transmitted infections can cause infertility and cancer, U.S. health officials called for better screening, vaccination and prevention.

Read more...
Antiobiotic Link to Dementia E-mail

Antibiotic Use High Among Nursing Home Patients With Advanced Dementia

ScienceDaily (Feb. 27, 2008) — An article co-authored by Susan L. Mitchell, M.D., M.P.H., of Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research* reports that nursing home residents with advanced dementia are frequently prescribed antibiotic medications, especially during the two weeks before death. This practice raises concerns about the end-of-life care of individual patients dying with advanced dementia, as well as the emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

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Mitochondrial Disease has Connection with Autism, Alzheimer’s, Dementia, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, E-mail

(Editor: J. C. Spencer has long thought the mitochondria holds the key to reversing diseases.  He discusses this in Chapter 17 entitled Your energy comes from your mitochondria in the book Expand Your Mind - Improve Your Brain.)

PITTSBURGH, April 11 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation released the following statement from its executive director and CEO, Chuck Mohan, in light of the National Vaccine Advisory Committee's (NVAC) meeting of its Vaccine Safety Working Group and recent published reports of possible links between mitochondrial disorders and autism.

 

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Young-onset Dementia Linked to Neurodegenerative or autoimmune/inflammatory Condition E-mail

Mayo Clinic Report

ROCHESTER, Minn., April 15, 2008  /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A new Mayo Clinic study found that young-onset dementia often is caused by neurodegenerative or autoimmune/inflammatory conditions, but only rarely by Alzheimer's disease. This differs substantially from the common causes of dementia in older individuals (Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative dementias). These findings will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting in Chicago on April 15.
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High Levels of Glucose Impairs Brain Function E-mail

Glucose Comments by J. C. Spencer

The sugar glucose may have a more negative impact on dementia, Alzheimer’s, and other brain functions than previously thought.  A recent UK study shows that the sugar glucose effects cognitive brain function.  While glucose is important for cell function, higher levels of blood glucose were associated with impaired memory performance.

On our thirty minute Conference Call of June 5 (replay available from the Home Page of The Endowment for Medical Research website - www.endowmentmed.org), I discussed briefly how molecules that appear identical may have drastically different function simply because of the bond, the angle of the bond and a series of other possible factors.

Tthe Sugar  Trehalose The healthful sugar trehalose is two glucose molecules bonded together with one molecule turned upside down.  Because this bond is not easily broken, not only does it not seem to impact negatively the sugar levels in the blood or impair memory performance, TREHALOSE APPEARS TO IMPROVE BRAIN FUNCTION.

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Trehalose E-mail

Trehalose - Education Paper - by J.C. Spencer 

Educational Information Only. No medical claims are intended or implied.

Trehalose is a naturally occurring sugar energy source with forty percent to forty-five percent (40% to 45%) the sweetness of sucrose. It is a white crystalline powder (Trehalose dehydrate) produced from cornstarch by a patented enzymatic Hayashibara process. An independent panel of experts determined Trehalose to be generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use in foods in accordance with current good manufacturing practices. This was submitted to the FDA and they responded with a “no objection” letter. Canada approved Trehalose as a food in 2005; it is now approved in over 40 countries world wide.
 
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Trehalose Used in More Supplements E-mail
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Trehalose in Certain Rice Strain Protects it from Drought E-mail

Ray Wu, 79; developed rice strains with potential to increase world supply

Cornell University
Ray Wu'HE MADE ENORMOUS CONTRIBUTIONS': The strains of rice that Ray Wu produced with his research are now being cross-bred with commercial rice varieties in several countries in order to introduce their desirable traits into widely used strains.
By Thomas H. Maugh II, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
February 18, 2008
Cornell University geneticist Ray Wu, a pioneer in genetic engineering who developed pest-, drought- and salinity-resistant rice strains that are poised for widespread use throughout the world, died of cardiac arrest Feb. 10 at Cayuga Medical Center in Ithaca, N.Y. He was 79.

The new strains have the potential to sharply increase the supply of rice, which is the staple food for more than half the world's population.

"Where rice is grown, everyone knows Ray Wu," said Cornell geneticist Susan McCouch. "He made enormous contributions to the development of rice transformation systems that are widely used to address crop production constraints throughout the rice-growing world."

In 1970, Wu developed the first method for determining the nucleotide sequence of DNA. His technique was adopted and made more efficient by Frederick Sanger, who received the 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his efforts.

During the 1980s, Wu pioneered techniques for transferring foreign genes into rice. In one study, he inserted into rice a potato gene for a protein called proteinase inhibitor II. The rice then produced the protein, which interferes with the digestive process of the pink stem borer, a common rice pest.

In a second study, he inserted a barley gene that enabled rice plants to produce a protein that makes them salt- and drought-resistant so they can grow in salty soil and recover quickly from dry conditions.

A third study increased the tolerance of rice for drought, salt and heat by introducing the bacterial gene for a sugar called trehalose.

Special promoters were inserted along with the gene so that the sugar is produced only when the rice plants need it.

Wu said the technology could easily be extended to a variety of other grain crops to improve their output.

The strains of rice produced by Wu are now being cross-bred with commercial rice varieties in countries to introduce these desirable traits into widely used strains. The resultant varieties could be in commercial use within as few as five years, McCouch said.

Wu also founded the China-United States Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Examination and Application program, which during the 1980s brought more than 400 top Chinese students to the U.S. for graduate study. That program produced more than 100 faculty members for Chinese universities.

In advisory roles to both the Chinese and Taiwanese governments, Wu was instrumental in establishing the Institute of Molecular Biology, the Institute of Bioagricultural Sciences of Academica Sinica in Taiwan and the National Institute of Biological Sciences in Beijing.

He also served as a scientific advisor to several other Chinese institutions.

Ray Jui Wu was born Aug. 14, 1928, in the city then called Peking. He came to the United States in 1948 at the urging of his father, who believed the son could get a better education here.

He earned a bachelor's degree in chemistry from the University of Alabama in 1950 and a doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Pennsylvania in 1955. He worked at Penn, MIT and the Medical Research Council Laboratory in Cambridge, England, before joining Cornell in 1966. He spent the rest of his career there, working up until the time of his death.

He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1961, but retained close ties with China throughout his career.

He is survived by his wife of 51 years, Christina; a son, Dr. Albert Wu; a daughter, Alice Wu; and three grandchildren.

Source thomas.maugh@latimes.com
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