Easy Find It Page
Easy Find It
Use Our Mobile Site
Use Our Mobile Site
Share This Website
The Sugar Trehalose
Free NEWS Letter
Affiliate Program
Untitled Document

Already an Affiliate? Click on the link below to access your account-

Affiliate Login

Endowment Book Store
The Trehalose Store
Endowment Store Front
Support The Endowment
Enter Amount:
We Accept
VisaMaster CardAmerican ExpressDiscoverssl lock
Download Store

Download Store

Download 7 Free Newsletters Plus Other Educational Materials

Main Menu
- - - - - - -
Inside the Human Cell
The Sugar Trehalose
- - - - - - -
Sugar Science Forum
Glycomics Training
Interactive Glycomics Brochure
7 FREE NEWSletters
HOT Links of Interest
- - - - - - -
Contact Us
Educational e-textbook
Chapter One

Chapter One

FREE Sneek Peek
Chapter One

Evaluation Forms

Huntington’s General
Health Evaluation
FORM for Trehalose
Nutritional Pilot Survey

Parkinson's General
Health Evaluation
FORM for Trehalose
Nutritional Pilot Survey

Alzheimer / Dementia
General Health Evaluation
FORM for Trehalose
Nutritional Pilot Survey

Diabetic Health Evaluation
FORM for Trehalose
Nutritional Pilot Survey

General Public Health
Evaluation FORM for
Trehalose Nutritional
Pilot Survey (For General
Public without Huntington’s,
Alzheimer’s, or Parkinson’s.)

Who's Online
We have 26 guests online
Why is pH Fusion Tea So Unbelievably Functional? Lesson #33 (Part 3 of 4)

Research scientists learn more about the mystery of the possible fusion solution: pH, fusion, ion gates, glucose/sodium transport, Trehalose and how neurological benefits are achieved to improve mental clarity, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, MS and ALS

GlycoScience Lesson #33 - Part Three of Four

by JC Spencer

Fusion results from the process of combining multiple distinct entities into a new whole. Fusion results in a new function beyond the individual components.

How to Open Ion Gates in the Cell Wall
The ion gates are opened and closed by signals according to the needs of the cell and the environment around the cell. A slight increase in the pH environment around the cell can open ion gates.

Trans-membrane proteins create water-filled ion pores which can transport hydrophilic molecules. Glycolipids (inside the cell) and glycoproteins (on the cell surface) provide the communication. Specific Smart Sugars are the building blocks for the glycolipids and glycoproteins with Trehalose, when present, assisting in the proper folding of the proteins. Improper folding of the proteins is the cause for all neurodegenerative challenges.

The Glucose/Sodium transport system and HOW IT WORKS
The pH Fusion Tea design is to enable molecules to pass through the membrane by a conformational change in the shape of the trans-membrane protein when it binds with the molecule to be transported.

Glucose and sodium couple to form a co-transport system that uses the positively charged sodium ions which are attracted to the negative area to increase the higher concentration on the outside of the cell.

Explaining Ion Gates and ATP
Voltage gated channels allow sodium into the cell and similar channels let potassium out of the cell. Transporters use ATP energy to move ions and small molecules through the membrane. Flow of current through a single ion gate has been measured with the patch clamp technique at ~7,000 sodium ions transported within ~1 millisecond that the gate is open.

Neurons and muscle cells have a negative membrane potential. The inside of the cell is more negative than the outside with the propensity to push sodium outside. Sodium ions build an electrostatic charge on the cell membrane. ATP pumps ions uphill against their electro-chemical gradients through the membrane by a special protein enzyme known as sodium potassium ATPase that serves as a pumping mechanism. This process occurs within the cell for optimal distribution of cellular chemicals.

Action potential conducts an electrical impulse as the positive charge flows toward negative charge. As the membrane is made more permeable to sodium, it rushes INTO the cell like a speeding bullet.

Negatively charged proteins are manufactured inside the cell. Proteins within the cell membrane transport glucose. Due to the electrochemical gradient, sodium enters a binding site specific for it on the protein, and when this is accomplished, the protein changes its shape (allosteric reaction), so that sodium can bind and be transported into the cell. This co-transport of multiple substances is transported into the cell together. To take in the proper amount of sodium, we increase the concentration gradient outside of the cell and therefore increase sodium’s ability to bind to transport proteins.

In Part Four, we will discuss:
? pH Fusion Tea is Designed to Support Red Blood Cells
? Vital Importance of Trace Minerals
? We invite others to research with us.
? Sources and References

No cure or treatment claims are intended or implied. Reporting and publishing of educational material does not provide legal or personal advice. Readers should be aware that any educational information may contain inherent or potential risks and there is no guarantee of any kind. Any past performance does not assure the same future results and some information may be hypothetical. We encourage general financial contributions to help us cover operational expenses and designated contributions for specific studies, pilot surveys, or medical research projects concerning various ongoing research and discoveries as will be outlined upon request.

Sources and References
This lesson is a summary of the complex working of the Glucose/Sodium Transport System discussed in Chapter 6 of The Trehalose Handbook Vol. One and Chapter 10 of The Trehalose Handbook Vol. Two entitled “A Quick Study of the Importance of Trace Minerals in the Human Body”.

Change your Sugar - Change Your Life www.DiabeticHope.com




SMART SUGARS www.OneSmartSugar.com/video.html

Expand Your Mind - Improve Your Brain http://www.endowmentmed.org/ExpandYourMind/MindEbook3.html

Glycoscience Lesson #33 Part Two of Four http://www.GlycoscienceNEWS.com/pdf/Lesson33PartThreeOfFour.pdf


© The Endowment for Medical Research www.endowmentmed.org

Last Updated ( Aug 10, 2015 at 06:30 PM )