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Trehalose Can Extend Shelf Life of Other Sugars

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2006 February; 7(2): 85–89.
Published online 2006 January 19. doi: 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0085.

 

Copyright © 2006, Journal of Zhejiang University Science

 

Crystallization inhibition of an amorphous sucrose system using raffinose*
K.M. Leinen and T.P. Labuza†
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
†E-mail:tplabuza@umn.edu

Abstract

The shelf life of pure amorphous sucrose systems, such as cotton candy, can be very short. Previous studies have shown that amorphous sucrose systems held above the glass transition temperature will collapse and crystallize. One study, however, showed that adding a small percent of another type of sugar, such as trehalose, to sucrose can extend the shelf life of the amorphous system by slowing crystallization. This study explores the hypothesis that raffinose increases the stability of an amorphous sucrose system. Cotton candy at 5 wt% raffinose and 95 wt% sucrose was made and stored at room temperature and three different relative humidities (%RH) 11%RH, 33%RH, and 43%RH. XRD patterns, and glass transition temperatures were obtained to determine the stability as a function of %RH. The data collected showed that raffinose slows sucrose crystallization in a low moisture amorphous state above the glass transition temperature and therefore improves the stability of amorphous sucrose systems.

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